The Big Pivot


Implementation of the Interstate Highway in the US

Enabled efficient long-distance travel and shaped urban development patterns, impacting future transportation infrastructure and mobility options.


OPEC Oil Embargo

Highlighted the vulnerability of oil-dependent transportation systems, driving interest in energy-efficient alternatives and influencing future mobility solutions.


Cellular Network

The deployment of the first cellular network in the United States, initiating the widespread adoption of mobile phones and transforming communication and personal mobility.


Introduction of Global Positioning System (GPS)

Revolutionized navigation and location tracking, becoming an essential technology for mapping, routing, and real-time vehicle tracking, impacting future mobility systems and applications.


World Wide Web

The launch of the World Wide Web, revolutionizing information sharing, e-commerce, and online navigation tools, which have become integral to modern mobility services.


Introduction of the First Lithium-ion Battery

Revolutionized portable energy storage, paving the way for the development of electric vehicles and enhancing their performance and range.


Introduction of Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Combined internal combustion engines with electric motors, leading to increased fuel efficiency and reduced emissions, paving the way for future electrification efforts.


Launch of Google Maps

Revolutionized mapping and navigation with real-time data, influencing travel behavior, route planning, and subsequent mobility applications.


Introduction of the iPhone

The release of the first-generation iPhone, kickstarted the era of smartphones and mobile applications that have revolutionized travel planning, navigation, and on-demand mobility services.


Emergence of Ride-Hailing Services

Launch of the first electric car-sharing service, Autolib in Paris. The introduction of ride-sharing platforms (Uber and Lyft) transformed the transportation industry, and influencing the shift towards shared and on-demand transportation.


Micro-mobility Options

The emergence of electric scooters as a popular micro-mobility option, offering convenient short-distance transportation in urban areas.


Introduction of the First Commercial Electric Vehicles (EVs)

Signaled a shift towards sustainable transportation, encouraging the adoption of EVs and laying the foundation for future electric mobility systems.


Tesla Motors Introduces the Model S

Tesla’s introduction of the Model S electric vehicle disrupted the automotive industry, popularized electric cars, and spurred advancements in EV technology and infrastructure.


Secure Enclave Technology

It refers to a specialized hardware component within a computer or system-on-a-chip (SoC) that provides isolated and secure execution environments. It is designed to protect sensitive data, such as encryption keys and authentication credentials, from unauthorized access or tampering. Secure Enclave technology plays a vital role in enhancing data security in self-driving systems by safeguarding critical information used for decision-making and ensuring the integrity of the overall system.


Emergence of Dockless Bike-sharing Systems

Revolutionized the bike-sharing industry by removing the need for fixed docking stations, leading to the proliferation of shared micro-mobility options and influencing future urban transportation models.


Arrival of Self-driving Cars on Public Roads

Marked a significant milestone in autonomous vehicle development, paving the way for future mobility systems centered around autonomous and intelligent transportation.


COVID-19 Pandemic

Altered travel behaviors, reduced mobility, and increased interest in contactless and individual modes of transportation, accelerating the development of touchless technologies and reshaping future mobility trends.


Advances in Solid-state Battery Technology

Potential to offer higher energy density, improved safety, and faster charging, unlocking new possibilities for electric vehicle performance and range.


Giga Press

A large-scale die-casting machine that is used to produce large and complex parts of a vehicle, such as the structural components of the chassis. It has demonstrated the potential to revolutionize the manufacturing process in the automobile industry by enabling the production of large and complex parts with greater efficiency, reduced costs, improved structural integrity, and scalability.


Advancements in Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI)

AI algorithms can analyze vast amounts of data to optimize transportation networks, predict traffic patterns, and enable smart routing and scheduling. AI-powered systems can also enhance the efficiency of public transportation, enable personalized mobility services, and support smart city initiatives. Additionally, AI can contribute to the development of advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) and vehicle-to-vehicle communication, further improving safety and connectivity in the mobility ecosystem.



Hydrogen Fuel Cell technology

The development of hydrogen fuel cell technology is significant as it offers a potentially clean and efficient alternative to traditional fossil fuels for powering vehicles, contributing to a more sustainable future of mobility.


Potential for Renewable Energy Integration in Charging

Solar panels and wind power can provide clean and sustainable energy for charging infrastructure, reducing the carbon footprint of electric vehicles and promoting green mobility.
Notable Milestone in Mobility Systems
Toyota Prius 1997
A fee/minute and a monthly subscription service-Autolib
Bike bridges in Copenhagen
The iPhone 5s was the first device to incorporate a dedicated Secure Enclave within its A7 chip


The criteria used to identify and categorize the keywords are based on their relevance to future mobility and sustainable transit systems.

Public Transportation and Infrastructure

Mass transit - Public transportation systems designed to move large numbers of passengers efficiently.

Public Transportation

Shared transportation services available to the public, such as buses or trains.

Mass Transit

Efficient transportation systems designed to move large numbers of people.

Light Rail

Rail-based transit systems using light rail vehicles.

High-speed Rail

Rail systems designed for high-speed travel between cities or regions.


High-speed transportation system using pods in low-pressure tubes.

Urban Mobility Hubs

Integrated transportation hubs with various modes of transportation and amenities.

Multi-modal Transportation

Integration of different modes of transportation for efficient and sustainable travel.

Last-mile Connectivity

Solutions to connect travelers from transportation hubs to their final destinations.

Transit Signal Priority

Technology that gives priority to public transportation vehicles at traffic signals.

Curb Study

The utilization of curb space to optimize its allocation and enhance parking and various curbside activities.

Carpool Matching Apps

Mobile applications that connect individuals for carpooling purposes.

Urban Freight Electrification

Transitioning freight transportation to electric-powered vehicles.

Sustainable Land Use

Land use planning practices that prioritize sustainability and reduce transportation demand.

Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)

Development patterns centered around public transportation hubs.

Transportation Demand Management (TDM)

Optimize travel demand by promoting alternative modes, and reduce single-occupancy vehicle trips.

Transit-oriented Design

Urban design principles that prioritize access to public transportation.


The number of people using a transit service over some period of time.

Transportation Performance Measures

Involve the collection and evaluation of various indicators to assess the efficiency, effectiveness of transportation systems.

Autonomous and Intelligent Systems

Self-driving vehicles that can operate without human intervention.

Autonomous Vehicles

Vehicles capable of operating without human intervention.

Mobile Ticketing

Ticketing systems accessible via mobile devices for seamless travel experiences.

Smart Parking Systems

Technology-enabled parking systems for efficient space management and user convenience.

Data-driven mobility planning

Mobility planning based on data analysis and predictive modeling.

Smart Mobility Solutions

Technological solutions to enhance mobility, such as ride-sharing platforms or navigation apps.

Smart Mobility Analytics

Data analytics applied to mobility patterns and behaviors for improved transportation planning.

Intelligent Traffic Management

Traffic management systems that utilize real-time data and smart algorithms.

Adaptive Traffic Control

Traffic control systems that adjust in response to real-time traffic conditions.

Intelligent Transportation Systems

Systems that use advanced technologies to improve transportation efficiency and safety.

Data-driven Mobility Planning

Mobility planning based on data analysis and predictive modeling.

Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS)

Utilize sensors, cameras, and other technologies to monitor the vehicle's surroundings and provide feedback to the driver.

Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Communication

Enables vehicles to share real-time data with nearby vehicles, such as speed, position, acceleration, and braking status.

Shared and Micro Mobility

The utilization of shared transportation options to provide convenient, affordable, and sustainable mobility solutions for individuals in urban areas.

Shared Mobility

Transportation services that are shared among multiple users, such as carpooling or ride-sharing.

Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS)

Integrated mobility solutions that provide various transportation options through a single platform.


Sharing a car journey with others who have a similar route.

Car Sharing

Shared use of cars on a short-term basis, often through a membership or rental system.

Micro Mobility

Lightweight transportation options designed for short-distance travel, such as e-scooters or bikes.

Active Mobility

Promotes physical activity and encourages individuals to use their own energy for transportation.

Car-free Zones

Designated areas where private vehicles are not allowed.

Car-free Cities

Cities or areas with limited or no private vehicle access.

Electric Scooters

Small electric vehicles designed for short-distance travel.

Electric Cargo Bikes

Electric-powered bicycles for carrying goods or cargo.

Bike Sharing

Shared bicycle systems for short-distance travel.

Sustainability and Emission Reduction

Strategies and practices aimed at minimizing environmental impact, promoting resource efficiency, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Sustainable Infrastructure

Infrastructure designed and built with sustainability principles in mind.

Emission Reduction

Actions and strategies to reduce harmful emissions, particularly from transportation.

Zero-emission Vehicles

Vehicles with no tailpipe emissions, typically powered by electricity or hydrogen.

Energy-efficient Vehicles

Vehicles designed to minimize energy consumption and maximize efficiency.

Green Transportation

Environmentally-friendly transportation practices and modes.

Greenhouse Gas Reduction

Efforts and strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transportation.

Sustainable Logistics

Environmentally-conscious management of transportation and supply chain activities.

Green Corridors

Designated routes or areas prioritizing green transportation and sustainable practices.

Clean Transportation

Transportation systems and modes with minimal environmental impact.

Low-carbon Mobility

Modes of transportation that produce lower carbon emissions.

Zero-waste Transportation

Transportation systems with minimal waste generation and efficient resource utilization.

Energy Storage

Technologies and systems for storing energy, often used for electric vehicle charging.

Renewable Energy

Energy generated from renewable sources such as solar, wind, or hydropower.

Renewable Energy

Energy derived from renewable sources such as solar, wind, or hydro.

Sustainable fuels

Fuels produced from renewable resources with low environmental impact.

Hydrogen Fuel Cells

Technology that uses hydrogen to produce electricity for powering vehicles.

Smart Grids

Advanced electrical grids that optimize energy distribution and consumption.

Geothermal Energy

Energy derived from heat within the Earth's crust.

Biomass Energy

Energy generated from organic matter, such as agricultural waste or wood pellets.

Electric Vehicles and Infrastructure

Vehicles powered by electricity, typically using rechargeable batteries.

Electric vehicles

Vehicles powered by electricity instead of fossil fuels.

Electric charging stations

Stations where electric vehicles can be charged.

Battery technology

Advancements in battery technology for electric vehicles.

Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology

Technology that enables electric vehicles to supply power back to the grid.

Electric buses

Buses powered by electricity.

Electric taxis

Taxis powered by electricity.

Electric motorcycles

Motorcycles powered by electricity.

Electric ferries

Ferries powered by electricity.

Electric aviation

Aircraft powered by electricity.

Electrified railways

Railways powered by electricity.

Fuse Behavioral Science and Transportation Technology

These initiatives reduce congestion and lead to sustainable mobility patterns by leveraging technology and rethinking traditional service delivery models.

On-demand Delivery Services

Companies like Uber Eats, DoorDash, provide on-demand delivery services for groceries, meals, and various retail items.

Vertical Farming

Maximizes land utilization by growing crops in vertical structures and localize food production.

Telecommuting and Remote Work

Work from home or other locations instead of commuting to traditional office spaces.

Online Shopping and E-commerce

Purchase goods online and have them delivered to homes, it reduces the need for frequent trips to stores.

Shared Workspaces and Co-working Centers

Provide office spaces where individuals from different companies can work together, reduce the need for employees to commute.

Local Service Hubs

Decentralized facilities for essential services such as healthcare, education, and government offices, bring services closer to communities.