Abstraction is the process of taking away or removing characteristics from something in order to reduce it to a set of essential characteristics. Abstraction process gives a way to see nature and how to extract beauty for design concept, The purpose of abstraction is to simplify nature, to extract primary logic for design expression. Through abstraction, the complex power of natural phenomenon can be stripped down, simplified studied and shifted into dynamic design possibilities. More observation practice here.


The aim is to develop keen observation and presentation power, understand the bare composition made up of basic visual elements like dots, lines, shapes, colors and texture. A level of abstraction is determined by the objects that can be manipulated and the operations that can be performed on them.

Step 1 Catch the Spirit

Make sketches of the reference images from different angles, try to capture essential characteristics.

Step 2 Simplify in 2D

Transforming one of the sketches in 2D composition using lines, Extracting primary logic for design expression, Modify the lines to make more variations.

Step 3 Extrude the Abstraction

Converting lines from 2D composition into planes and making interesting 3D composition.

Extrude lines to Tapering planes.

Extrude lines to sloped planes with cut-out. Keep fabrication constraints in mind, try to have every three-dimensional composition fit the defined design context.

Step 1 Catch the Spirit

Step 2 Simplify in 2D

Step 3 Simplify in 3D

Step 4 Origami Shell Mesh